Glossary


 

Browse the glossary using this index

Special | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

Page:  1  2  3  4  5  (Next)
  ALL

A

Abomasum

ruminant's 'true stomach', the fourth stomach chamber


Actin

thin, protein fibres in muscle


Acute

sudden onset


Adipose tissue

meshwork of fibres, mainly filled with fat cells


Aerobic respiration

chemical process that results in the formation of energy, carbon dioxide, heat and water from the combination of oxygen and glucose


Afferent

carrying towards a centre or area


Afferent nerves

conduct an impulse towards the central nervous system


Allele

different form of a particular gene


Altricial

animal or bird that is born in a helpless state, requiring care from the parents


Alveoli

groups of alveolar sacs in the lungs where gaseous exchange occurs; the plural of alveolus


Alveolus

an air sac in the lungs, or a tooth socket


Amino acids

the building blocks of proteins


Anaemia

a deficiency of red blood cells or haemoglobin in the blood


Anaerobic respiration

the chemical process of making energy and lactic acid from glucose; occurs without oxygen


Anaesthesia

a state of unconsciousness and lack of sensation


Analgesia

lack of pain


Anorexia

not eating; lack of appetite


Anthelmintic

a medication that acts against parasitic worms


Antibiotics

medication that treats bacterial diseases


Anticoagulant

agent that stops blood from clotting


Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

hormone produced by the pituitary gland to aid osmoregulation by increasing the amount of water absorbed by the kidney; also called vasopressin


Antifungal

an agent that slows or inhibits the growth of fungi


Antigen

any substance that causes the body to initiate an immune response against it


Antimicrobial

an agent that slows or inhibits the growth of microorganisms


Antioxidant

a substance that inhibits oxidation; can be used to slow down the deterioration of stored food products


Antiviral

an agent that slows or inhibits the reproduction of viruses


Anus

orifice at the end of the digestive tract where faeces are excreted


Aorta

main artery of the body; it leaves the heart and carries oxygenated blood round the body


Appendicular skeleton

the part of the skeleton of vertebrate animals that consists of the bones that support the limbs


Arachnid

an arthropod that has four pairs of legs, and a body divided into a cephalothorax and an abdomen


Areolar tissue

fibrous mesh of tissue underneath the skin


Arterioles

smaller branches of arteries


Artery

a blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart to the organs and tissues


Arthritis

inflammation of a joint


Aspiration

inhaling a substance


Atrioventrical node (AV node)

small area of tissue in the heart between the atria and ventricles; helps coordinate the heartbeat


Atrium

upper chamber of the heart that receives blood returning from the organs of the body; plural is atria


Aural

relating to the ear or to the sense of hearing 


Aural haematoma

blood-filled swelling occurring in the pinna (ear flap)


Aural medication

medication administered into the ear canal


Auscultation

listening to organs with a stethoscope


Autoclave

steam sterilising container


Autoimmune disease

a condition that causes the body to attack its own tissues


Autonomic nervous system

part of the peripheral nervous system under involuntary control


Autotomy

shedding of a body part to aid survival, such as a lizard shedding its tail


AVM-GSL

Authorised Veterinary Medicine - General Sales List: relates to over-the-counter products


Axial skeleton

the bones that form the head, vertebral column and ribcage


Axon

the part of a neuron that carries nerve impulses away from the cell body



Page:  1  2  3  4  5  (Next)
  ALL