Glossary


 

Browse the glossary using this index

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G

Gait

walking pattern


Gametes

sex cells: the sperm and ova


Gastrostomy tube

tube placed through the skin into the stomach


GE

Gross Energy: the maximum amount of energy that can be released from ingested food

 

 


Gene

a section of DNA that codes for a particular protein and characteristic


Genotype

the genetic makeup of the organism


Geriatric

elderly animal


Germ cells

cells that will produce gametes


Gestation

duration of pregnancy


Gingiva

the gums bordering the teeth


Gingivitis

inflammation of the gums


Glandular tissue

an adaptation of epithelial tissue that has secretory cells that secrete into the space they are lining


Glans penis

part of the penis that swells during sexual intercourse


Glaucoma

increased pressure in the eyeball


Glomerulus

a small ball of capillaries inside the Bowman's capsule of the nephron


Glucagon

a hormone secreted by the pancreas that increases blood sugar levels


Gluconeogenesis

increase in the rate at which new glucose is formed from amino acids


Glucoreguation

the maintenance of the optimal blood sugar levels


Glucose

a monosaccharide sugar required for respiration


Glycogenesis

breakdown of glucose from glycogen stores in the liver


Glycogenolysis

conversion of stored glycogen in the liver into glucose


Goblet cells

 columnar cells found in the respiratory and digestive tracts that secretes mucus onto the surface of the tissue


Golgi apparatus

an organelle that receives and modifies protein from the rough endoplasmic reticulum


Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH)

reproductive hormone that oversees the working of all the other reproductive hormones and the oestrous cycle


Gustation

the sense of taste 



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